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What is GIS?
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Q: What does a GIS consist of?

A GIS solution will comprise these key elements

  • Hardware (PC, network cabling, printer).
  • Software (A GIS off-the-shelf package to store, analyse, and display an organisation’s geographic information. The key components are tools that support geographical analysis, visualization and query through a graphical user interface (GUI)).
  • Data (This is the most important component of a GIS. It is composed of information that can be referenced to a position on the earth’s surface, e.g.: building, street, postcode, ward, spot height, etc. This will enable analysis of internal and external databases via reference to their geographical (spatial) context. GIS software will help integrate spatial data with other data resources).
  • People (The technology of GIS is of limited value without the commitment of key staff to manage and operate the system).

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