Q: What does a GIS consist of?
A GIS solution will comprise these key elements
- Hardware (PC, network cabling, printer).
- Software (A GIS off-the-shelf package to store,
analyse, and display an organisation’s geographic information. The key
components are tools that support geographical analysis, visualization
and query through a graphical user interface (GUI)).
- Data (This is the most important component of a
GIS. It is composed of information that can be referenced to a
position on the earth’s surface, e.g.: building, street, postcode,
ward, spot height, etc. This will enable analysis of internal and
external databases via reference to their geographical (spatial)
context. GIS software will help integrate spatial data with other data
- People (The technology of GIS is of limited
value without the commitment of key staff to manage and operate the
- BACK -